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        Northeast Africa is characterized by  tremendous geographic and cultural diversity. There are immense tracts of hot desert, the largest swamp in the world (the Sudd in the Republic of the Sudan),  mountain ranges with 15,000 foot peaks (Ethiopia), temperate grasslands, and over 1,500 miles of ocean and sea coastline. The region is over 2,104,000 square miles in size, making it considerably larger than Europe.

        The cultural diversity of the region is equally awesome. There are tens of millions of muslims, tens of millions of christians, and millions of people practicing traditional African religions. Some of the oldest cultural groups in the world still inhabit this region. Ethiopia is one of the oldest centers of Christianity in the world. Until 1974, it had a ruling lineage that dated back over 700 years. The ancient civilizations of Egypt (Kemet), Nubia, and Kush built great monuments that have stood for over five thousand years. No one yet knows how deep and ancient the roots of these cultures can truly be traced. Estimates range from  5,000 to 50,000 B.C.

Yet with all this size and diversity, one common thread connects the region... the Nile River. The  Nile  is the longest  river  in  the entire world,  with  a course of  4,132 miles.  It  does  many  amazing  things a  river is  not  supposed to  do.  The   Nile, flows  for over a thousand miles through  pure  desert,  receiving  neither rain  nor   joining   with  another  body of  water -  but   it does not  dry  up!  In fact, for  miles on either side of the river it  actually fertilized the desert with rich  topsoils from its  sources.  This  fertile valley fed large civilizations for over 6,000 years!

Northeast Africa today is home to over 158,000,000 people. Some of its major cities are Cairo and Alexandria (Egypt), Khartoum and Omdurman  (Sudan), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Asmara (Eritrea), Mogadishu (Somalia), and Djibouti ( Djibouti). You can go to Google Earth and literally fly over these and other African cities, using detailed satellite images, for a truly eye-opening experience.


Modern Northeast Africa consists of 7 countries ranging in size from (Djibouti to the Sudan)  and in population from (Egypt to Eritrea)

These countries are from north to south:



South Sudan